Development Policy and International Relations
(Photo: Nelson Mandela)
According to Nelson, South Africans were distinct by colors of black and white. White people had obtained a set of special policies to promote higher living standard, to enjoy better education, and to have a strong voice in society. While at the same time, black people just lived in misery and poverty. At that time, government of South African had designed a distinction by making three significant different inequalities such as inequality in terms of education, inequality in terms of economic advancement, and policy of white supremacy.
Given the stark inequalities, is violent revolution necessary to change the government policy?
Even though these are clearly the stark inequalities, yet a violent revolution is not a best option to change the government policy or to make a difference. The violent resistance will escalate tension between the white and black and lead the situation more seriously than before as the forces of resistance would be viewed as terrorism that attempting to relinquish current government. Nevertheless, non-violent protest would essentially build trust among citizens and government that the movement is about the equality demanding, not revolution to upside down the whole society and governing system. Therefore, in return to these treatments, Nelson’s efforts are not to make revolution to be superior over the whites in this country, yet just to demand equal political rights and freedom. As well as, he indicated that “I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.”
Please find his full speech, “An Ideal for Which I am Prepared to Die.”
Seoul, April 15, 2014.