Development Policy and International Relations
In the context of globalization, the world has been changed significantly. It is the movement toward economic, trade, politics, socio-culture and communication integration where borders are getting less relevant. In this sense, there would be free flow of goods, services, investment, skilled labors, capitals, tourism and so on. Therefore, one said globalization has played an essential role in helping to reduce global poverty by increasing international trade and FDI, creating jobs, expending global markets, advancing skills and technologies, and providing competitive goods and services with high quality and cheap price. However, behind these advantages, there are also some global challenges which are caused by globalization. It was known as Transnational Crimes or Transnational Organized Crimes. As Phil William said, “Globalization facilitates international trade but also increases the difficulty of regulating global trade; traffickers and smugglers have exploited this.” Williams adds that globalization has increased inequality around the globe, and that “its disruptive effect has actually caused people to have to go into organized crime and operate in illicit markets as coping mechanisms.” In this sense, transnational crime has affected on peace and security of people not only in less developed countries but also in developed countries. As concerted evidence, Australia alleged that blueprints to the new intelligence headquarters in Canberra were stolen in a cyber-attack on a contractor that was traced to a server in China. Therefore, in the era of globalization, where the borders are getting less relevant, how can we prevent transnational crime without compromising the smooth people mobility?
Transnational Crimes can be simply defined as the criminal actions that are implicated with more than one country involving with group or individuals networks for operating their illegal business activities by using violence and corruption. Smuggling of migrates, drug trafficking, trafficking in persons, trafficking in firearm, wildlife and cultural property, money-laundering, computer fraud, cybercrime, and terrorism are regarded as the transnational crimes or transnational organized crimes . In order to combat with these transnational crimes as global challenges, there shall be participations from all various stakeholders at all levels in which it definitely needs involvement from individuals, civil societies, private sectors, governments, and collective efforts by international community at large. In this light, there shall be four major outstanding solutions for preventing and combating with transnational crimes. Firstly, educational institutions, mass media and other stakeholders shall contribute to nurture the general understanding and the basic knowledge to ordinary people to know how transnational crimes affect people daily lives and its impacts caused on security and peace both nationally and internationally. Additionally, the efforts should conduct not only in educational institutions, but also publicly in local communities to be aware of the dangers. In this regard, people would actively involve with authorities by providing information and by collaborating while criminal actions are occurring in a particular area. More importantly, those educated people will certainly insist their governments to firmly respond to the threatening of transnational crimes by regulating preventive policies and practical measures in addressing issues effectively. Secondly, regarding to the information and technologies related to transnational crimes, they need to be updated and upgraded. Due to in the context of globalization, criminals would take advantages in the opportunities of free flow of goods, services, investments, capitals and persons as the mediums for their illegal business activities. Therefore, a wide of range of information and technologies are needed to catch up those criminal actions. Thirdly, law enforcement shall be strictly implemented through local government agencies who should work closely and collaboratively with other international organizations dealing with transnational crimes such as International Criminal Police Organization which widely known as Interpol. It is definitely clear that an individual country cannot tackle those organized crimes since those crimes are involving with complicated group networks in many counties, but strategic cooperation that have been made between national agencies level with international agencies level plus with the commitment of enforcement of United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime will be more effectively implemented in coping with those global challenges. Lastly, financial and technical assistances shall be provided to less developed countries as they need to strengthen and build up their capability to counter those challenges. Assistant providing would serve as the significant encouragement for less developed nations to carry on combating with transnational crimes in which they easily happen in those countries consisting of poor governance, lack of law enforcement, human abuse and corrupting. Therefore, financial and technical assistances would be a potential source for less developed countries’ political commitments in preventing and combating with those criminal actions.
In short, Transnational Crimes are the major global challenges in which international community has drawn attention to counter these threats by setting in the agenda of global meetings. As those criminal actions are conducted in crosscutting nations and where transnational crimes have taken place in the era of globalization, the international and national comprehensive mechanisms shall be collectively made to ensure the common interests of human being for harmony and prosperity. It is an effort that cannot be achieved straightaway, but definitely in a long run with a collective commitment of respective nation demanding participations at all levels which should start from an individual person involvement up to global level. Therefore, as a student who has studied International Relations and as a global citizen as well, I would like to take part in this effort by further enhancing own capability and self-improvement on the understanding of those transnational crimes to be beneficial not only to my home country, but also to all human being at large.
By Khov Ea Hai
A Great Achievement Always Starts from a Simple Pace.
 By Stewart M. Patrick, How Globalization Affects Transnational Crime, 31 May 2012, http://blogs.cfr.org/patrick/2012/05/31/how-globalization-affects-transnational-crime/