Development Policy and International Relations
The tension in Korean Peninsula has been re-escalated recently after the DPRK launched a rocket in December 2012 and the third underground nuclear test in February 2013. The world leader responded with condemnation. United Nations Secretary General says North Korean nuclear weapon test is a grave violation of Security Council resolutions. Amid high tension, a military hotline with the South Korea was cutting . While the situation is currently unpredictable, some analysts believe Pyongyang may be trying to force the US and others into negotiations, with all-out war unlikely, says the BBC’s Lucy Williamson in Seoul.
28 March 2013, it is even hotter while the United States Air Force’s B-2 stealth bombers that can carry nuclear weapons conducted its first-ever firing drill in South Korea. The DPRK has also threatened to launch a preemptive nuclear strike for self-defense and unilaterally nullified the 1953 armistice that suspended the Korean War. South Korea’s new president on Monday promised a strong military response to any North Korean provocation after Pyongyang announced that the two countries were now “in a state of war” (Xinhua).
2 April 2013:
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) said on Tuesday that it has decided to restart facilities at the Nyongbyon nuclear comlex, which had been “mothballed and disabled” under an agreement at the Six-Party Talks in October 2007. The complex is located 130 km north of the capital Pyongyang. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said Tuesday that China regrets the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s intention to reopen its nuclear facilities (Xinhua).
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon stressed the current crisis on the Korean peninsula “has already gone too far,” following an announcement by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) to restart its Yongbyon nuclear reactor. Click to here to see SG Ban Ki-moon’s full text.
3 April 2013:
the US is moving a sea-based radar platform closer to the Korean Peninsula to monitor the DPRK’s military activities, including possible missile launches. A Pentagon spokesman announced the US Navy had deployed an oil rig-like SBX-1 radar. A guided-missile destroyer, the USS Decatur, will also be deployed to join the USS John McCain on a missile defense mission, (Xinhua).
Anyway, North Korea on has banned the entry of South Koreans to a joint industrial complex and the North had not specified how long the ban would remain in effect, Unification Ministry spokesman Kim Hyung-suk told Aljazeera’s reporter.
Looking at Cambodia, “This issue was raised once before by Prime Minister Hun Sen when he chaired ASEAN and urged both sides to stop the conflict and return to talks. The Cambodian government hasn’t yet reacted to the tensions in South Korea, where Cambodian citizens work and study, because we are waiting to see if the situation changes,” said by Koy Kuong, spokeman for Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.
– The Six-Party Talks and Now (Published on 28 March 2013)
– Chairman of ASEAN Issued a Statement on Recent Underground Nuclear Test by DPRK (Published on 19 February 2013)
– North Korea Confirms Its Test (Published on 12 February 2013)
– The Third Nuclear will be tested (Published on 25 January 2013)