Development Policy and International Relations
2012 marks the important year for Cambodia’s ASEAN Chairmanship. A number of achievements have been made during its chairmanship:
1. Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC)
TAC is one of ASEAN political document which aims to maintain peace, security and stability in the region which is essential for regional development and prosperity and promote inter-state relations. In July 2012, the European Union, the United Kingdom and Brazil accede to the TAC bringing the total number of 31 to the High Contracting Parties to the TAC. This demonstrates the strong political commitment by these countries to peace and stability in the region.
2. Treaty of Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone (SEANWFZ)
SEANWFZ Treaty is to insulate Southeast Asia from nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. The contributions and effectiveness of SEANWFZ depend on the formal accession by all Five Nuclear Weapon States, namely China, France, Russia, the UK and the US. However, much more needs to be done to conclude the legal procedures for the accession by the 5NWS since France, the UK and Russia proposed reservations, which are still under serious consideration by ASEAN. Consultation with the 5NWS is still going on.
3. Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC)
The DOC was signed in 2002, Cambodia. It is a milestone document which embodies the collective commitment of ASEAN and China to promote peace, stability and mutual trust in the South China Sea. On 20 July 2012, ASEAN Foreign Ministers adopted the statement on ASEAN’s Six Point Principles on the South China Sea in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. As well as, ASEAN Leaders and China adopted the statement on 10th Anniversary of the DOC, at the 15th ASEAN-China Summit, on 19 November, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
4. ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR)
As part of the ASEAN Community Building by 2015, the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration was adopted by the ASEAN Leaders in November 2012 for the promotion and protection of human rights in the region. The ASEAN Leaders set their vision high by putting in place the ASEAN’s strong commitment so the vision of AHRD will be translated into national action.
5. ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation (AIPR)
Cambodia believes that AIPR would play an important role in promoting peace, conflict management and conflict resolution which enhance peace, and stability in the region. Cambodia looks forward to the full and effective operationalization of the AIPR.
6. ASEAN Regional Mine Action Center (ARMC)
Cambodia propose to establish ARMC which aims to address humanitarian aspects on landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) issues in the region, and to support the role of ASEAN in engaging in mine clearance as part of the UN Peacekeeping Operations. After endorsed by the ASEAN Leaders last year, a modality of the Centre will be developed for consideration and approval by the ASEAN Leaders in 2013. The Centre will be based in Cambodia.
7. Drug Free ASEAN
In 2012, ASEAN Member States adopted the Declaration on Drug-Free ASEAN 2015. Cambodia will do its best in both national and regional level to combat drug trafficking, production and consumption, as part of intensifying concerted efforts to realize the vision and goal of a drug-free ASEAN Community by 2015.
8. Counter-Terrorism and Transnational Crimes (ACCT)
The ASEAN Convention on Counter-Terrorism was signed in January 2007, provides a framework for regional cooperation to counter, prevent and suppress terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. Cambodia will continue to work collectively with ASEAN Member States to ensure that the ACCT is effectively and fully implemented.
9. ASEAN Common Visa
Cambodia fully implemented the visa exemption under ASEAN Framework Agreement on Visa Exemption with other ASEAN Member States to facilitate intra ASEAN travel and boost the tourism sector, people-to-people linkages and economic development among ASEAN Member States.
10. External Relation
Cambodia believes that through its relations with external parties, ASEAN continues to maintain its centrality and proactive role in the current evolving regional architecture, particularly in the ASEAN+1, ASEAN+3, ASEAN Regional Forum, East Asia Summit, ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting Plus in ensuring the maintenance of peace, security, and stability in the region. To date, 68 non-ASEAN Ambassadors accredited to ASEAN. Similarly, 35 ASEAN Committees in Third Country (ACTC) have been established to work in unity to promote the interest of ASEAN around the globe.