Development Policy and International Relations
NATO is committed to the principle that an attack against one or several members is considered as an attack against all. This is the principle of collective defence, which is enshrined in the article 5 of NATO’s founding treaty – the Washington Treaty.
The NATO is an alliance of countries from Europe and North America. It provide a unique link between these two continents for consultation and cooperation in the field of defence security and the conduct of multinational crisis management operations.
“The basic promise of NATO was that Europe’s security was the United States security and vice versa ” — Barack Obama —
There are 28 NATO members:
1949: 12 founding members of alliance Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States
1952: Greece and Turkey
1999: the Czech Republic and Poland
2004: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia
2009: Albania and Croatia
NATO provides a unique opportunity for member and partner countries to consult and take decisions on security issues at all levels and in the variety of fields to promote stability and guarantee allied defence.
NATO takes an active role in crisis management operations, most of them are under the UNSC mandate. NATO leads multinational operations and ensure that, in the field, personnel, and equipment can fulfill the mission efficiently.
Further Information, Please refer to: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/what_is_nato.htm